No one goes through life without experiencing injuries like cuts, scrapes, bruises and burns, which even if regarded as minor in nature, can be downright painful. Yet we are confident that with proper care and treatment, the wound sooner or later heals. Still, it’s not just the medications and wound care products that make healing possible. There is a dynamic process that enables a healthy body to repair, regenerate and replace damaged nerves and tissues. Many actually wonder how the body automatically goes into such processes.
Using wound care products is important to stop the bleeding as soon as possible to ensure protection against bacterial infection. One of the modern wound care products popularly used today is an active skin repair, medical grade formulation in the form of either spray or hydrogel. It contains Hypochlorous (HOCl), a natural chemical produced by white blood cells to support the body’s automatic healing processes.
According to medical experts, applying a wound care treatment can help reduce the swelling to make the pain more bearable when needing to mobilize the injured body part.
The Body’s Healing Process in a Nutshell
To better understand the body’s healing process, let’s get to know the four phases of actions that take place once the healing motion is triggered.
The moment a part of the body gets injured, the damaged skin releases chemicals that would signal the circulatory system to provide an emergency supply of white blood cells to deal with the injury by removing the damaged cells. It is at this point when the following events carry on with the healing process in four stages:
The Hemostasis Phase
At the first stage of the healing process, the first goal is to stop the bleeding by way of the blood clotting system. During this phase a chemical called thrombin initiates the supply of platelets. The latter aggregates with collagen to effectively clump and clot. The clotting acts as a barrier that prevents blood from being drained out of the damaged nerves and tissues.
Platelets, by the way, are colorless cells produced and supplied by the bone marrow as an emergency clotting substance necessary in the initial stage of repair.
The Defensive and Inflammatory Phase
During the ongoing Hemostasis Phase, the healing process launches an army of white blood cells that take action to remove damaged cells and to destroy bacteria. The main goal of this phase is to prepare a wound bed that will receive and nurture the growth of new tissues.
Special cells known as macrophages will also arrive to secrete growth substances that combine with immune system cells, to facilitate the repair of the wounded tissues.
The Proliferative Phase
In this phase, the healing process addresses the performance of three important functions:
1. Filling the wound bed with deep red granulation and connective tissue that will form new blood vessels.
2. The wound margins or the side, top and bottom sides of the wound contract until they naturally come together to close the wound.
3. Once the margins have closed, the epithelialization process begins. It’s an undertaking that aims to grow new skin cell tissues to complete the closure of the wound. This phase takes longer to complete as it will take anywhere between 4 to 24 days to reach the final phase of the healing process.
The Maturation Phase
In this phase, collagen fibers help the new tissue cells organize and develop tensile strength to about 80% of the wound’s injured condition. The period of maturation varies from wound to wound as healing could be as short as 4 days or anywhere in between up to 2 years.